The cities of today are faced with multiple challenges! Not least mobility! The world of mobilities is changing rapidly and various factors in it have an impact on our daily lives. To begin with, the heritage of a Fordist city organised by function combined with demographic growth have favoured the dispersion of inhabitants, employment and urban sprawl. The digital sector has revolutionised our habits in the broad sense: consumption, training, work, leisure, accommodation, transport...and mobility is no exception! The changes have been numerous and there have also been developments in lifestyles, growing urbanisation, the arrival of new players in the sector...so many factors that raise the issue of our mobility needs.
In parallel with these factors, there is growing awareness of the impact of certain modes of transport in terms of congestion, noise, pollution and their effects on the environment and health. Cities and regions must confront these negative externalities and propose a less stressful and less polluted living environment in order to meet the expectations of the citizens that we are, as well as to respond to the environmental challenges. The issues involving mobility are numerous: they are social and societal, environmental, economic and technological in nature (without mentioning the political aspect). The world of mobilities is changing rapidly and is no longer confined to transport!